Leaking blood can cloud the vitreous—the clear, jellylike substance that fills the back of the eye—and block the light passing through the pupil to the retina, causing blurred and distorted images. Most often, diabetic retinopathy has no symptoms until the damage to your eyes is severe. Tonometry. However, some existing damage can persist. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include: Focal laser treatment. The exam will likely include pupil dilation so that the doctor can look for any changes in blood vessels, new blood vessel growth, swelling of the retina, and retinal detachment. The longer someone has had diabetes, the more common glaucoma is. Laser surgery may be performed in your ophthalmologist's office or in an outpatient clinic.
Pupil.ilation . Some of the kinds of damage that your doctor may see in your retina are hypertensive retinopathy, a complication of high blood pressure hypertension, and diabetic retinopathy, a complication of long-term diabetes. Corticosteroids. Deteriorating blood vessels can become blocked or deformed. NEI-funded scientists are also seeking ways to detect diabetic retinopathy at earlier stages. The medication is an antibody designed to bind to and remove the excess veg vascular endothelial growth factor present in the eye that is causing the disease state.